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World Conference on Vaccine and Immunology , will be organized around the theme “Investigating Entire Advances in the Field of Vaccine and Immunology”
WORLD VACCINE MEET 2019 is comprised of 24 tracks and 179 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in WORLD VACCINE MEET 2019 .
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks. All related abstracts are accepted.
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The goal of public health is to prevent disease. It's much easier and more cost-effective to prevent a disease than to treat it. That's exactly what immunizations aim to do. Immunizations, or vaccines as they're also known, safely and effectively use a small amount of a weakened or killed virus or bacteria or bits of lab-made protein that imitate the virus in order to prevent infection by that same virus or bacteria.
- Track 1-1Typhoid Oral Vaccine
- Track 1-2Hepatitis A Vaccine
- Track 1-3Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine
- Track 1-4Plague Vaccine
- Track 1-5Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis Vaccine(s)
- Track 1-6MMR Vaccine
- Track 1-7Rotavirus Vaccine
- Track 1-8Oral Polio Vaccine
- Track 1-9Influenza Vaccine (Nasal Spray) Flumist
- Track 1-10Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine
- Track 1-11Shingles Vaccine
- Track 1-12Yellow Fever Vaccine
- Track 1-13Vaccinia (Smallpox) Vaccine
- Track 1-14Adenovirus Oral Vaccine (Military)
- Track 1-15BCG (Tuberculosis) Vaccine
- Track 1-16Live Cholera Vaccine
Immunopathology is a branch of medicine that deals with immune responses associated with the disease. It incorporates the investigation of the pathology of a life form, organ framework, or ailment concerning the insusceptible framework, invulnerability, and resistant reactions. In science, it alludes to the harm caused to a creature by its own resistant reaction, because of a contamination. Two decade of clinical involvement with immunomodulatory medicines for various sclerosis points to unmistakable immunological pathways that drive ailment backslides and movement. Immunopathology could allude to how the outside antigens cause the invulnerable framework to have a reaction or issues that can emerge from a living being's own particular resistant reaction on itself. There are sure issues or blames in the invulnerable framework that can prompt more genuine sickness or malady.
- Track 2-1Hypersensitivity Reactions
- Track 2-2Autoimmunity
- Track 2-3Immunodeficiency
- Track 2-4Innate Immunity
- Track 2-5Adaptive immunity
- Track 2-6T cells and APCs
- Track 2-7Antibody-mediated immunity
- Track 2-8Cell-mediated Immunity
- Track 2-9Passive Immunization
- Track 2-10Active Immunization
The interactions of and operation with components of the may leave considerable importance for both patients and anesthetists. Additionally, chronic exposure to trace amounts of may alter immune defenses and possibly explain the reported increases in malignancies and surgical trauma may be associated with clinically important immunosuppression. A brief overview of basic immunology is presented followed by a more detailed account of the effects of anesthesia and surgery on immune competence. The immune system is a highly complex network of cells, organs, and tissues that protect our body from foreign intruders like bacteria, viruses or fungi. Early researchers demonstrated that isoflurane and sevoflurane (commonly used volatile anesthetics) can directly bind to and impair functions of a receptor (adhesion molecule) present on immune cells, called leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1).
- Track 3-1Pre and Post Operation Care Sedation
- Track 3-2Emergency Care
- Track 3-3Palliative Care
- Track 3-4Pain Medicine
- Track 3-5Pulmonology
This field specializes in the treatment of immune-mediated skin diseases such as lupus, bullous pemphigoid, pemphigus vulgaris, and other immune-mediated skin disorders. Immunodermatology testing is essential for the correct diagnosis and treatment of many diseases affecting epithelial organs including skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. The various diseases often overlap in clinical and histological presentation and, although the diseases themselves are not common, may present with features of common skin disorders such as urticaria, eczema and chronic itch. Therefore, the diagnosis of an immunodermatological disease is often delayed.
- Track 4-1Aesthetics and Cosmetic Dermatology
- Track 4-2Therapies for Skin and Body
- Track 4-3Moisturizer: Prevention and Treatments of Skin and Body Care
- Track 4-4Mohs surgery
- Track 4-5Dermatoepidemiology
- Track 4-6Teledermatology
- Track 4-7Pediatric Dermatology
- Track 4-8Cosmetic Dermatology
- Track 4-9Dermatopathology
Immune system disorders cause abnormally low activity or overactivity of the immune system. In cases of immune system overactivity, the body attacks and damages its own tissues (autoimmune diseases). Immune deficiency diseases decrease the body's ability to fight invaders, causing vulnerability to infections. In excess of 80 diseases happen because of the immune system assaulting the body's own organs, tissues, and cells. Some of the more common autoimmune diseases include type and . Despite the fact that the reasons for some immune system diseases stay obscure, a man's genes in a mix with contaminations and other environmental exposures are probably going to assume a critical part in disease improvement. Treatments are available for many autoimmune diseases, but cures have yet to be discovered.
- Track 5-1Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS)
- Track 5-2Hyper-Immunoglobulin E Syndrome (HIES)
- Track 5-3Primary Immune Deficiency Diseases (PIDDs)
Infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis(TB), malaria, poliomyelitis, and some others tropical diseases (NTDs) are rapidly spread out through communication(verbal), water, and wind. It also transmitted by vectors (mosquitoes, flies) and a major issue in developing countries. In the past, infectious diseases had been widely spread-out in developing countries and chronic diseases were found primarily in high-income countries. However, the global pattern of disease burden is shifting. While infectious disease still remains a major problem in many countries, chronic diseases, including such non-communicable conditions as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and respiratory disease, are now the major cause of death and disability, not only in developed countries but also worldwide. The greatest total numbers of chronic diseases (Alzheimer, Arthritis, Asthma, Cancer, COPD, Crohn disease, Cystic fibrosis, Diabetes) deaths and illnesses now occur in up-growing countries.
- Track 6-1Deficiency Diseases
- Track 6-2Degenerative Diseases
- Track 6-3Congenital Diseases
- Track 6-4Mental Diseases
Viruses are firmly immunogenic and actuate two sorts of resistant reactions; humoral and cellular. The collection of specificities of T and B cells are framed by modifications and substantial transformations. T and B cells don't, for the most part, perceive similar epitopes present on a similar infection. B cells see the free unaltered proteins in their local 3-D adaptation though T cells typically observe the Ag in a denatured frame related to MHC atoms. The qualities of the resistant response to a similar infection may vary in various people contingent upon their hereditary constitutions.
Humoral response is in charge of obstructing the infectivity of the infection (balance). Those of the IgM and IgG class are particularly significant for resistance against viral diseases joined by viremia, while those of the IgA class are vital in contaminations procured through a mucosa. (the nose, the digestive tract) interestingly, the cell reaction kills the infection tainted cells communicating viral proteins on their surfaces, for example, the glycoproteins of wrapped infections and some of the time center proteins of these infections.
- Track 7-1Reversible Neutralization
- Track 7-2Humoral Response
- Track 7-3Stable Neutralization
- Track 7-4Virion Sites for Neutralization
- Track 7-5Protective Role of Neutralizing Antibodies
- Track 7-6Types of Virus-Specific Antibodies
- Track 7-7Evolution of Viral Antigens
- Track 7-8Natural Killer (NK) cells
- Track 7-9Specificity of Test Methods
- Track 7-10Types of Virus-Specific Antibodies
- Track 7-11Evolution of Viral Antigens
- Track 7-12Cell-Mediated Immunity
The field bargains on the whole with different sorts of antibodies, their blend, remedial impacts, and clinical improvements. The field completely covers every one of the headways, advancements of antibodies in each field of immunization. Immunizations treating jungle fever, malignancy, and numerous different sicknesses can be altogether considered under this field. The antibody can be characterized as an organic planning that gives dynamic gained invulnerability to a specific illness.
- Track 8-1Egg-based vaccines
- Track 8-2 Bacteria Cultures Based Vaccines
- Track 8-3Investigational Vaccines Manufacturing
- Track 8-4Mammalian cells-based vaccines
- Track 8-5Clinical Development of Vaccines
- Track 8-6Insect Cells Based Vaccines
Conjugate antibodies, made up of a bacterial polysaccharide antigen cross-connected to a bacterial protein, are among the best immunizations accessible today to avert bacterial diseases, for example, pneumococcal and meningococcal contaminations. Conjugate antibodies against bacterial pathogens with a substantial number of serotypes, for example, Streptococcus pneumoniae, generally cover just a few the current strains. Another recombinant DNA-based assembling innovation has been created to avert genuine bacterial diseases. This innovation can possibly prompt antibodies against unmanageable pathogens, for example, S. aureus and Shigella species and to rearrange and enhance the proficiency of creating complex conjugate antibodies.
- Track 9-1DNA vaccination
- Track 9-2Polysaccharide Chemistry and Glyco-Conjugate Vaccines
- Track 9-3DNA Plasmid
- Track 9-4DNA Immunization
- Track 9-5Prime-boost Vaccination
- Track 9-6Reverse Vaccinology
- Track 9-7Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
- Track 9-8Adjuvant
Travel vaccines, additionally called travel inoculations, are shots voyagers can get before visiting certain territories of the world that assistance shields them from genuine diseases. Immunizations work by presenting the body to germs or parts of germs of the sickness it will ensure against. Anyone can't get the ailment from the antibody in light of the fact that the infections or microorganisms are dead or seriously debilitated. The body reacts to the inoculation by making antibodies that will ensure us in the event that we are presented to the illness later on.
- Track 10-1Routine vaccination : Measles, Mumps, Pertussis & Rubella
- Track 10-2Required Vaccination for Travellers : Yellow fever & Polio
- Track 10-3Selective Vaccination for Travellers : Japanese Encephalitis, Meningococcal Disease
Antibodies that should be regulated to people amid the youth phase of life can be named as Child immunizations. These immunizations are basically in charge of the enlistment of a safe framework and advancement of immunogenic reaction inside the tyke. The sicknesses avoided by the newborn child and youth antibodies are not kidding and even fatal. Measles can spread to the cerebrum, cause mental harm and demise. Mumps can cause lasting deafness. Polio can cause loss of motion. Unfortunately, these illnesses have not vanished. There is no treatment and no solution for maladies like measles, polio, and tetanus. The best way to ensure your youngster is through immunization. Vaccination is the best way to protect your child against many dangerous diseases. The vaccines listed below are administered via intramuscular (IM) injection unless otherwise stated. IM administration in the anterolateral thigh muscle is preferred in neonates, infants, and small children.
- Track 11-1Influenza Vaccines. (minimum age: 6 months)Routine Vaccination
- Track 11-2Serogroup B Meningococcal Vaccines (minimum age: 10 years)
- Track 11-3Hepatitis B (HepB) Vaccine. (minimum age: birth)
- Track 11-4Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (Hib) Conjugate Vaccines. (minimum age: 6 weeks)
- Track 11-5Diphtheria, Tetanus & Acellular Pertussis (DTAP) Vaccine. (minimum age: 6 weeks [4 years for Kinrix or Quadracel])
- Track 11-6Varicella (VAR) Vaccine. (minimum age: 12 months)
- Track 11-7Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV). (minimum age: 6 weeks)
- Track 11-8Hepatitis A (HepA) Vaccine. (minimum age: 12 months)
- Track 11-9Serogroup A, C, W, Y Meningococcal Maccines. (Minimum age: 2 months [Menveo], 9 months [Menactra]
- Track 11-10Tetanus, Diphtheria & Acellular Pertussis (TDAP) Vaccine. (minimum age: 11 years for routine vaccinations, 7 years for catch-up vaccination)
- Track 11-11Rotavirus Vaccines. (minimum age: 6 weeks)
- Track 11-12Pneumococcal Vaccines. (minimum age: 6 weeks [PCV13], 2 years [PPSV23])
- Track 11-13Measles, Mumps, & Rubella (MMR) Vaccine. (minimum age: 12 months for routine vaccination)
- Track 11-14Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine (minimum age: 9 years)
The vaccination arrangement is as of now for the most part centered around the youthful (matured beneath 18), to some degree the old (matured over 65) be that as it may, as opposed to youth inoculation programs, grown-up immunization isn't thought to be a normal wellbeing intercession. Vaccination in adults remains an underused public health strategy in the promotion of healthy aging, and adult vaccination rates are still far below the target.
Influenza, Pneumococcal pneumonia and Pneumococcal invasive disease, Pertussis, and even HZV (because of a high incidence of post-herpetic neuralgia among the elderly) have been featured as the most imperative illnesses for which is vital to care for vaccination methodologies because of their weight identified with passings or inabilities. Investing € 1 in adult immunization can generate over € 4 of future economic revenue for the government.
- Track 12-1Adults 19 – 26 years old- Seasonal flu (influenza) , Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis
- Track 12-2Adults with Health Conditions- Td or Tdap Vaccine
- Track 12-3International Travelers
- Track 12-4Adults 50 years or older- Shingles Vaccine,Pneumococcal Vaccines
- Track 12-5Immigrants and Refugees
- Track 12-6Healthcare Workers- Hepatitis B, MMR (Measles, Mumps & Rubella),Varicella (Chickenpox), Meningococcal
Drug addiction is a difficult issue around the world. One treatment being explored is immunizations against medications of mishandling. The antibodies inspired against the medication can take up the medication and keep it from achieving the reward focuses on the mind. Scarcely any such immunizations have entered clinical preliminaries, however, look into is going on apace. Numerous examinations are exceptionally encouraging and more clinical preliminaries ought to turn out sooner rather than later.
Drug Addiction and substance abuse is chronic, relapsing diseases wherein the recent years have seen a rise in the number of abusers. The drug user compulsively spends time looking for and using an illegal drug. This form of addiction is characterized by neurochemical and molecular changes in the brain. The present pharmacotherapy is not paving the way to complete solution of the problem, therefore Immunotherapy is looked upon as a great potential to treat this evil. But still a lot of work needs to be done in this field.
- Track 13-1Morphine and heroin vaccines
- Track 13-2Methamphetamine vaccines
- Track 13-3Nicotine vaccines
- Track 13-4Cocaine vaccines
- Track 13-5Vaccine against Alcohol Abuse
- Track 13-6Vaccines against Opioids
- Track 13-7Vaccine against Alcohol Abuse
- Track 13-8Vaccines against Amphetamine
Tumor immunology deals with the natural or therapy-induced recognition of cancers, as well as with the intricate interplay between oncogenesis, inflammation and immunosurveillance. We now create a new, high-profile journal, OncoImmunology, that specifically deals with tumor immunology. Recent progress has allowed for the first clinical demonstration (and FDA approval) of anticancer immunotherapies. There is also an ever growing suspicion that - unexpectedly - many of the currently used chemotherapeutic agents depend in their efficacy on the active contribution of immune effectors. To use a drastic metaphor, oncologists who applied successful chemotherapeutic (or radiotherapeutic) regimens have taken advantage of the immune system's capacity to recognize tumor-specific or tumor-associated antigens and to control cancer (stem) cell growth, without being aware of the invisible helping hands. As a result, immunological biomarkers are becoming ever more important to determine the prognosis of cancers and to predict the efficacy of chemotherapies. There is also a strong rationale in favor of combining conventional anticancer therapies with immunotherapies.
- Track 14-1Tumour Immunology
- Track 14-2Cancer Immunotherapy
Immunoinformatics (in some cases alluded to as computational immunology) is a sub-part of bioinformatics that spotlights on the utilization of information administration and computational apparatuses to enhance immunological research. The extent of immunoinformatics covers a wide assortment of a domain, from the genomic and proteomic investigation of the resistant framework to sub-atomic and life form level demonstrating, placing it in close ties with genome informatics.
- Track 15-1Computational Immunology
- Track 15-2T-cell Epitopes -IMGT/PRIMER-DB
- Track 15-3B-cell Epitopes
- Track 15-4Matrix-driven Methods
- Track 15-5Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome Database
- Track 15-6Database of Immunoglobulin Sequences & Integrated Tools
- Track 15-7Immunogenicity
- Track 15-8 Immunomics
Diagnostic immunology is the investigation of ailments that are caused by the disarranges of a resistant framework. It manages investigations of maladies caused because of scatters of invulnerable framework issue i.e., irregular development of any cell tissues of the framework, hypersensitivities, for example, in asthma and different sensitivities, safe framework disappointment. It additionally incorporates the ailments of different frameworks, where safe responses assume a fundamental part in the clinical viewpoints and pathology. It has been comprehensively partitioned into two classes: Immunodeficiency is a classification in which there is insufficient reaction achieved by the invulnerable framework, though on account of autoimmunity the host body itself assaults its own particular insusceptible framework.
- Track 16-1Photoacoustic Immunoassay
- Track 16-2ELISA
- Track 16-3CD/DVD based immunoassay
- Track 16-4Immunodiagnostics
- Track 16-5MELISA
- Track 16-6Radioimmunoassay
- Track 16-7Sports anti-doping analysis
Foreseeing the immunogenicity of a stem cell therapy is fundamental to empower sheltered and powerful procedures for anticipating invulnerable assault to be outlined. The immunogenicity of autologous prompted PSCs (iPSCs) changes between clones. Undifferentiated immature microorganisms are more immunogenic than their separated offspring. Distinctive kinds of tissue separated from a similar foundational microorganism can show diverse levels of immunogenicity. Stem cells jumbled with the patient for real histocompatibility complex (MHC) as well as minor histocompatibility (miH) antigens are immunogenic. miH antigen contrasts can be acquainted by the advancements utilized with creating pluripotent immature microorganisms (PSC, for example, confused mitochondrial antigens present in the enucleated oocytes used to deliver atomic exchange embryonic foundational microorganisms (NT-ESC).
- Track 17-1ELISPOT
- Track 17-2Major Histocompatibility Complex
- Track 17-3Embryonic Stem Cells
- Track 17-4Cell Therapy
- Track 17-5Allogeneic Immune Rejection
- Track 17-6Immune Tolerance
- Track 17-7Pluripotent Stem Cells
- Track 17-8Stem Cell Transplantation
Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune deficiency, transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ and in vivo.
- Track 18-1Eczema (atopic dermatitis)
- Track 18-2Occupational Allergy
- Track 18-3Allergology,
- Track 18-4Allergic Rhinitis
- Track 18-5Food Allergy
- Track 18-6Asthma
- Track 18-7Allergic Skin Diseases
Immunotoxicology is the investigation of the undesired tweak of the safe framework by extraneous elements. Toxicological evaluations have exhibited that the invulnerable framework is an objective after introduction to an assorted gathering of xenobiotics including bright radiation, concoction poisons, therapeutics, and recreational medications. Nonetheless, since xenobiotics may have consequences for in excess of one part of invulnerable capacity, immunotoxicity information ought to be assessed independently for confirmation of concealment, incitement, extreme touchiness, and autoimmunity.
Significant progress has occurred in the fields of basic and clinical immunology over the past 15 years, leading to the establishment and validation of sensitive methods for assessing immune system changes in humans as well as laboratory animals. Concern over the potential toxic effects of chemicals and certain drugs on the immune system prompted the application of these methods to assess the safety evaluation of the immune system and the establishment of the subdiscipline of immunotoxicology within toxicology.
- Track 19-1Antibody-dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity
- Track 19-2Immune Dysfunction
- Track 19-3 Immunosuppression
- Track 19-4Developmental Immunotoxicology (DIT)
- Track 19-5Homeostasis
- Track 19-6 Autoimmunity
The progress toward commercialization of plant-based vaccines takes much effort and time, but several candidate vaccines for use in humans and animals are in clinical trials. This review discusses plant engineering technologies and regulations relevant to the development of plant-based vaccines and provides an overview of human and animal vaccines currently under clinical trials.
Some vaccines, such as the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine, should be given a month or more before pregnancy. You should get the Tdap vaccine (to help protect against whooping cough), during your pregnancy. Other vaccines, like the flu shot, can be given before or during pregnancy, depending on whether or not it is flu season when you’re pregnant. It is safe for you to receive vaccines right after giving birth, even while you are breastfeeding. Be sure to discuss each vaccine with your health care professional before getting vaccinated.
- Track 20-1Tobacco, potato(Plant) - Norovirus VP1(Bioproduct)
- Track 20-2Maize(Plant) - Trypsin(Bioproduct)
- Track 20-3Carrot cells, Tobacco cells(Plant) - Alphataliglicerase(Bioproduct)
- Track 20-4Strawberry(Plant) - Canine interferon alpha(Bioproduct)
- Track 20-5Nicotiana benthamiana(Plant) Influenza HA-VLP(Bioproduct)
- Track 20-6Rice(Plant) - Cholera toxin B subunit(Bioproduct)
The safe capacity of neuroendocrine control is imperative for the presence amid stress or contamination and in addition to direct safe reactions in incendiary ailments. Glucocorticoids go about as principle effector end purpose of the neuroendocrine framework.
Psychoneuroimmunology, which researches the bidirectional correspondence between the focal sensory system and the immune system, has been extraordinarily cutting-edge by the utilization of creature models. The target of this theme is to portray creature models of illness that can or may be used to illustrate neural-resistant cooperations that modify pathogenesis. Creature thinks about in psychoneuroimmunology feature the many-sided quality of the cooperations among conduct, the cerebrum, the insusceptible framework, and pathogen. The hereditary foundation of the creature (both as far as focal apprehensive and safe framework reactions), its past history, the nature of stressor, the nature of pathogen and the kind of insusceptible reaction produced are a portion of the communicating factors that decide the extent and course of stress-instigated changes in malady result.
- Track 21-1Neuroinflammation
- Track 21-2Neuroimmune activation
- Track 21-3Neurotrophins
- Track 21-4Neuropeptides
- Track 21-5Adjuvants and the Innate Immune System
- Track 21-6Neurological diseases
- Track 21-7Neuro biomarkers
- Track 21-8Neural stem cell fate
- Track 21-9Neurodevelopmental disorders
- Track 21-10Neurodegenerative Disorders
- Track 21-11Neuroimmunological Disorders
- Track 21-12Neuroimmune system
- Track 21-13Psychosomatic Illness
Vaccination plays an important role in the health of a mother and the baby. There is a benefit for women to be immunized to reduce their chances of morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases. Before administering a vaccine to a pregnant woman, the prenatal health care provider must know the immunogenic material in the vaccine. Live, attenuated virus vaccines, such as the MMR vaccine or the nasally delivered influenza vaccine, are not recommended in pregnancy. In contrast, vaccines that contain nonviable antigens, virus-like particles, or noninfectious yet immunogenic components of bacteria, such as the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine and the injectable influenza vaccine, are considered safe during pregnancy
- Track 22-1 Pregnancy & Hepatitis B
- Track 22-2Pregnancy and Whooping Cough
- Track 22-3 Pregnant Women & Influenza (Flu)
- Track 22-4Tdap Vaccination
- Track 22-5Pregnancy & Pneumococcal
- Track 22-6Before Pregnancy: Rubella, Measles, Mumps, Chickenpox
- Track 22-7Pregnancy & MMR
The main goal to produce the veterinary vaccine is to improve the health of the animals also its welfare. By increasing the production of veterinary vaccines, the animal to human transmitted diseases from both domestic and wildlife can be prevented. Commonly the dog vaccines ( Vaccines for canine parvovirus, canine hepatitis and rabies are considered core vaccines. Non-core vaccines are given depending on the dog's exposure risk. These include vaccines against Bordetella bronchiseptica, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Leptospira bacteria is as popular as the veterinary vaccine.The infectious diseases that get transmitted to humans from animals can be prevented. Major role in preventing animal diseases includes reducing the animal suffering, enabling efficient food production, to greatly produce antibodies for animals to prevent it from any kind of diseases
- Track 23-1Veterinary Viral Vaccines
- Track 23-2Veterinary Bacterial Vaccines
- Track 23-3Veterinary Against Zoonotic Bacteria
- Track 23-4Veterinary Parasite Vaccines
- Track 23-5Veterinary Vaccines for Non-Infectious Disease
- Track 23-6Vaccines for Fertility and Production Control
For the past two centuries, vaccines have provided a safe and effective means of preventing a number of infectious diseases. Although the safety of some vaccines has been questioned in recent years, the currently available vaccines are more than a millionfold safer than the diseases they are designed to prevent. Vaccines, however, should always be used in conjunction with other public health interventions. One important intervention is education because the general public can be led to believe that vaccines are unsafe and not needed by misinformation readily available electronically and in print. Not only are some vaccines available via injection but other vaccines are also given orally or intranasally. New vaccines are being studied for topical and intravaginal use. In addition, new systems are being developed for the more efficient production of vaccines, especially for influenza. Vaccines are currently available for only a limited number of viral and bacterial diseases. In the future, it is anticipated that safe and effective vaccines will be developed against a number of other viral and bacterial infections as well as fungal and protozoan diseases.
- Track 24-1In Vitro and in Vivo Assessments of Safety & Efficacy
- Track 24-2Human Immune Phenotyping and Vaccines
- Track 24-3Clinical Evaluation for Safety & Efficacy
- Track 24-4Immune Response to Microbes & Vaccines
- Track 24-5Adjuvants and the Innate Immune System